SECTION 9: Due Process of Law
a. Right to Self-Representation
Congress shall establish laws that guarantee each person equal due process of law, including the right to self-representation (pro se). A person shall have the right to self-representation in any Court of law where that representation is determined to be just, reasonable, or an application for redress or relief that is reasonably established by the Petitioner for any violation of Constitutional law.
b. Rules of Civil and Criminal Procedure
Congress shall establish Rules of Civil and Criminal Procedure that favor and support the right to self-representation.
c. Counsel for Pro Se Litigants
Each Court shall provide a legal staff of bailiffs, clerks, and officers (attorneys) to support self-representation. Each court shall establish and promote efficient Rules of Procedure and due process. The Court shall provide a civil pro se litigant up to 2 hours of counsel prior to the hearing of the petition and during the time allotted by the Court for the hearing. The Court shall provide criminal pro se litigants unlimited, reasonable counsel.
d. Payment of Court Costs in Civil Matters
In any Civil matter, if the Court rules in favor of the Respondent, the Petitioner shall pay the Court’s costs and fees, including those fees of the Court-appointed attorneys assisting the Respondent, or the Respondent’s own attorney, and any punitive damages granted to the Respondent. If the Court rules in favor of the Plaintiff, that person or entity shall pay its own costs and fees, but not those of the Respondent or of the Court.
e. Payment of Court Costs in Criminal Matters
The Court shall pay all costs incurred by its proceedings in any Criminal matter.
f. Determination of Civil Matters
All Civil matters shall be determined by trial by the Court in which the matter is heard. There shall be no jury trials in any Civil Matter.
g. Determination of Criminal Matters
All Criminal matters shall be determined by a trial by Jury, where the Defendant, in all cases, shall be guaranteed the reasonable right and ability to participate in selecting the Jury.
h. Rights of the Innocent Until Proven Guilty—Bail Guidelines
When charged with any criminal offense, and until that person has been provided the benefits of due process of law and found guilty of the alleged crime, that person shall be presumed and treated as if that person is not guilty; which includes, but is not limited to, liberty from incarceration and the necessity of posting bail. Unless indisputable evidence has been obtained, verified, and accepted by the Court against a person charged with a crime of violence against another person or another person’s property, no person shall be held by bond, unless or until that person fails to appear at the Court-appointed times scheduled for that person’s appearance ordered by the Court or law enforcement officials.
SECTION 10: CRIMINAL PUNISHMENT
a. Sentencing and Reformation of Criminal Offences
Congress shall establish the definition of crimes and the rules for sentencing of all criminal offenses. Congress shall also establish the institutions, facilities, commissions, and personnel necessary to support the sentence and aid in the correction and reformation of the convicted. Any sentence shall be limited to restrictions on personal liberty and property only.
b. Reasonable Deference; Rights for Incarcerated Persons
No person shall be subjected to maltreatment or denied reasonable deference by any Law Enforcement Agent or Court Official; nor shall any incarcerated person be denied any of the rights afforded by this Constitution.
c. Education on Specific Crimes and Punishments
During the first twelve years of a person’s public education, Congress shall establish a curriculum that instructs the people on specific crimes and their punishments. All people shall be provided with clear and easy-to-understand instructions on the specific crimes and their punishments within the Republic.
d. Publication of Civil and Criminal Code
Congress shall maintain a clear and easy-to-understand publication, deferring to the process of self-representation, of the Republic’s Civil and Criminal Code on its website and as mandated by Article I, Section 1(m.) of this Constitution.